Health Headlines

Tom Pennington/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- Demi Lovato is opening up about her struggles with an eating disorder on the latest episode of Ashley Graham’s podcast, "Pretty Big Deal."

The singer says she believes the fact that she never truly recovered from her eating issues ultimately led to her drug relapse in 2018.

"I'm tired of running myself into the ground with workouts and extreme dieting," Lovato said. "I thought the past few years was recovery from an eating disorder when it actually was just completely falling into it."

The singer says she had people around her telling her she had to look a certain way, which made things worse.

"I honestly think that's kind of what led to everything happening over the past year was just me thinking I found recovery when I didn't, and then living this kind of lie and trying to tell the world I was happy with myself when I really wasn't," she says. "I had to work my ass off every day in the gym six days a week to maintain that figure and that led me only one way and I don't want to go down that path again. I'm not willing to destroy my mental health to look a certain way anymore."

Lovato, 27, was hospitalized about a year and a half ago due to a suspected drug overdose, and after taking time off to heal, she's making new music again. The "Confident" singer told Graham that one song she worked on recently is an anthem about body positivity, which sets the tone for the next chapter in her career.

"I've always done the sexy route," she said. "I've never really done the whole comfortable in yourself [thing]."

Graham gushed over Lovato's candidness in an Instagram post Tuesday, writing, "I am so proud to call @ddlovato a friend and I’m in awe of her strength and openness on today’s episode of @prettybigdealpod."

She added, "Her faith, wisdom, and new found awareness has gotten her to a place where she’s comfortable enough to set boundaries or take a pause to heal; which is something we can all learn from. I’m so excited for this next chapter of her career, it’s going to be the best yet because she finally gets to be true to herself."

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OksanaKiian/iStock(NEW YORK) -- There's yet another reason to try the Mediterranean diet, new research has found.

Among elderly individuals, adhering to a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, whole grains, beans, nuts, seeds and olive oil for one year was linked to changes in gut microbiota associated with less fragility and better cognitive function.

The Mediterranean diet previously has been associated with a host of health benefits, including lower cardiovascular disease risk and longer life expectancy.

The study, published Monday in Gut, a British Medical Journal publication, analyzed the gut microbiota of 612 study participants between the ages of 65 and 79. Roughly half of the participants were assigned a Mediterranean diet, while others were control subjects.

Over the course of 12 months, the study participants assigned the Mediterranean diet were less likely to lose diversity in their gut microbiota. Reduced gut diversity has been associated with autoimmune diseases, obesity and aging. Among those same participants, adhering to the Mediterranean diet was also associated with better cognitive function and memory.

"Our findings support the feasibility of improving the habitual diet to modulate the gut microbiota, which in turn has the potential to promote healthier aging," the study authors wrote.

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Courtesy of David Caldwell(NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J.) -- David Caldwell pulled out his own baby book when his first child, a son named Zayne Alexander Caldwell, was born on Jan. 30.

Zayne was born 10 weeks early, weighing just three pounds, and was admitted into the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) at Saint Peter’s University Hospital in New Brunswick, New Jersey.

More than three decades earlier, in 1986, Caldwell was also born several weeks early and spent around six weeks in the same NICU as his son.

"I got the baby book out because wanted to compare photos of me and Zayne as babies and in the NICU," Caldwell, now 33 and a professional wedding photographer, told "Good Morning America."

Caldwell and his fiance, Renata Freydin, Zayne's mom, were looking through his baby photos last week at their home in Edison, New Jersey, when Freydin took a second look at one photo in particular.

The photo, taken by Caldwell's late mom, showed him being held by his mom's favorite nurse in the NICU, a woman named Lissa McGowan, on the day he was discharged from the NICU.

Freydin immediately recognized McGowan as the same nurse who had been taking care of Zayne in the NICU since his birth.

"We brought the [photo] in and two of the other nurses confirmed that it was [McGowan]," said Caldwell. "And my fiancé lost it and was like, 'I told you it was her.'"

Caldwell described his own reaction at learning the same nurse who cared for him as a newborn was now taking care of his son as one of pure shock.

"It’s 33 years later and this does not happen every day," he said. "She was the only nurse in my baby book. My baby book came apart and the photo stayed in there."

Caldwell and Freydin waited until McGowan's next shift, on Valentine's Day, Feb. 14, to tell her about the special connection she shared with one of her patients and his dad. McGowan was equally shocked.

"I have never had this happen before," said McGowan, who started her career at Saint Peter’s University Hospital in 1981. "It’s kind of unusual having your preemie come back after 34 years ... but to have a dad come in and be the dad of a preemie is a whole other story."

McGowan was part of the team that admitted Zayne to the NICU right after his birth and then spent the next three days as his nurse. She said she remembers speaking with Caldwell and helping to "calm his nerves" when Zayne was admitted, but never put together that she was speaking with a former patient.

Making the connection even more remarkable is the fact that Saint Peter’s University Hospital has an award-winning and very large NICU. The department cares for about 1,500 babies per year, has 56 beds and employs 120 staff members, meaning there was a good chance McGowan could have been working but not assigned to Zayne.

"At any given day there are 20 nurses working in the unit," McGowan said. "Just to be in the area that he was admitted to and being on that side of the room, everything kind of lined up to put us together."

Caldwell, the youngest of seven siblings, said he sees having McGowan care for his son as a sign that his mom, who passed away in 2004, is looking out for his family.

He remembers asking his mom as a kid about the woman holding him in the photograph in his baby book.

"She was like, 'Oh this woman was so nice. She was so great. She just reassured me every day that you would be fine,'" said Caldwell. "This happening is like a way of telling me that my mom is looking over me and my baby."

"I know my mom is watching down on me and her grandson and making sure that we’re in good hands and God is watching over us," he said. "It’s just a really emotional thing."

Under the care of McGowan and her fellow NICU nurses, Zayne is gaining weight, eating well and showing all the developments of a full-term baby, according to Caldwell.

"He's a fighter," he said of his son.

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juanmonino/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Happy National Drink Wine Day!

From dedicated Twitter and Facebook pages to people sharing their favorite varietal and vintage on social media, today is the day to raise a glass of wine.

Whether you're are looking to try a new bottle, better understand the health benefits or simply share a fun GIF, Feb. 18 is dedicated to spreading "the love" of wine.

Even celebrities like Kerry Washington, whose "Scandal" character Olivia Pope was known for her heavy pours, chimed in to celebrate the trending day.

Health Benefits of Drinking Wine

You don't need to be a sommelier to enjoy a glass of vino and various studies have shown that drinking red wine in moderation can be a healthy part of one's diet.

Dr. Melanie R. Graber, a resident with the ABC News Medical Unit, explained that people who choose to consume light to moderate amounts of alcohol may experience benefits in their health.

Red wine contains antioxidants called polyphenols, which according to the Mayo Clinic, can "help protect the lining of blood vessels in your heart."

One polyphenol found in red wine, resveratrol, may help "prevent damage to blood vessels, reduce low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (the "bad" cholesterol) and prevent blood clots," according to the Mayo Clinic.

The USDA's 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans defines moderate drinking as up to one drink per day for women and two drinks per day for men, with one drink listed as 8 to 20 grams of alcohol.

"Moderate alcohol consumption is thought to reduce risk of heart attack by increasing sensitivity to insulin, decreasing inflammation and decreasing blood clotting activity," Garber said.

While studies have been done into the benefits of red wine as it relates to reduced cardiovascular risk, the American Heart Association doesn't recommended that people who do not currently drink start drinking wine or alcohol for that sole purpose.

Various peer-reviewed medical literature on evidence-based medicine has shown that trials have had contradictory findings on coronary heart disease and it is unclear if wine is more cardio-protective than other alcohol types.

While there are some potential heart-healthy associations with drinking red wine and alcohol, drinking too much can increase the risk of liver and pancreas diseases, certain types of cancer, stroke, weight gain and other side effects.

So whether you reach for a biodynamic red from South America, chardonnay from Burgundy or a Napa Valley Cabernet, raise a glass today and enjoy responsibly.

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fizkes/iStock(NEW YORK) -- Many of those who've exhibited lifelong antisocial, aka sociopathic, behavior -- lying, impulsiveness, aggression, lacking concern for others -- have abnormal brain structures, according to a new study.

MRI scans on the brains of 672 people with lifelong antisocial behavior showed a particular thinning of cortex and reduced cortical surface area in parts of the brain responsible for thinking, motivation and controlling emotions, according to research just published in The Lancet Psychiatry.

Those brain structures then were compared with people who only exhibited similarly antisocial behavior from ages 7 to 26. Similar changes weren't found.

"Our study provides evidence of clear structural brain differences between individuals with life-course-persistent antisocial behavior (who are fewer in number, with poorer prognosis and more urgent treatment need) than those on the adolescence-limited (who are more numerous with a relatively good prognosis),” the authors wrote.

Children and adolescents exhibiting antisocial behaviors are at increased risks of incarceration or probability of poorer physical and mental health outcomes later in life. The results of the study show the possibility of anatomical brain differences in those with antisocial-like behavior, which could lead to better policy-related outcomes, with more individuals treated at inpatient mental health facilities than placed behind bars.

Those with life-course-persistent antisocial personality behavior would have better outcomes if signs were detected earlier in life, along with earlier interventions in childhood, according to the study.

Signs in children, including stealing, vandalism, setting fires, cruelty to animals or others, performing poorly in school or running away can be seen in persons as young as 8.

A high number of these children with so-called conduct disorders -- about 40% of boys, 25% of girls -- grow up into antisocial adults with destructive lifestyles. A smaller number go on to develop antisocial personality disorder or, its most severe form, psychopathy, which in some cases may include committing murder or rape.

Adults who consistently engage in antisocial-like behavior often are diagnosed with antisocial personality disorder.

Approximately 2% to 5% of the U.S. population has antisocial personality disorder, which is about three times more prevalent in men than in women. These individuals are unable to feel guilt or remorse, which leads many of them to commit crimes, research shows.

"Antisocial personality disorder is a diagnosis we assign to adults who disregard or violate the rights of others as in ingrained pattern that starts by the age of 15," said Dr. Neha Chaudhary, a child, adolescent and adult psychiatrist at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School.

"While they may come off as superficially charming, they typically use that to manipulate or exploit others," added Chaudhary, also the cofounder of Brainstorm, Stanford's Lab for Mental Health Innovation.

More research is required to determine stronger causalities between antisocial behavior and abnormal brain structure -- whether the brain differences are more likely to be genetic or the result of living a lifestyle many would consider antisocial.

That said, Chaudhary also agreed that "intervening early" with treatments, including several forms of therapy that stave off some of the worst behaviors, could be "especially helpful."

This article was written by Yalda Safai, MD, MPH, a psychiatry resident in New York City and contributor to the ABC News Medical Unit.

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Janet Weinstein/ABC News(FREDERICK, Md.) -- From afar, the formation of students in military uniforms saluting their captain looks like any other cadet program around the country. But there’s one giveaway that this program is unique: the commands coming from the captain are in American Sign Language.

People who are deaf cannot join the U.S. military. But that’s not stopping teachers at the Maryland School for the Deaf in Frederick, Maryland, from leading some of their pupils through the rigors of military life through an unofficial cadet corps demonstration program.

Teacher Keith Nolan started the unofficial cadet corps demonstration program to teach deaf and hard-of-hearing students about leadership, using military training and discipline. He is also leading the effort to change the Department of Defense’s policies so that deaf individuals have the chance to join the military.

"I want to see a demonstration program so that the DOD can see the skills -- the unique capabilities -- that we have to offer," Nolan told ABC News through an American Sign Language interpreter. "So, I do hope the Department of Defense will review and perhaps revise their policy so that they can take advantage of our skills."

Nolan and his staff had worked for years to lobby for a bill in the House that would fund the demonstration program. But ultimately in 2019, "neither the Senate or House Armed Services Committee were willing to support the demonstration program," he wrote in an email.

Now, a provision titled "reducing barriers to service in U.S. Space Force" in the Senate National Defense Authorization Act Report may bring back some hope. The Department of Defense still needs to define how to reduce those barriers, which includes reviewing certain "restrictions based on physiological conditions."

"I am really motivated by this -- another great step forward to recruiting the best talent for our military force in addition to the demonstration program that we've been pushing for," Nolan wrote.

Nolan’s drive for this policy change is personal. In 2001, he was denied from joining the military because he couldn’t pass his physical assessment.

"There was this one test that I couldn’t pass, that was the audiology exam," he said. "It was a huge blow."

Student Crosse Harpin said that he wants to follow in his father’s footsteps, who had served in the military.

"I would love to do the same thing that he's done, to serve the country," Harpin told ABC News through an American Sign Language interpreter. "We’re lucky here to have the cadet corp program at our school. And I’m just amazed I’ve built my confidence in this program."

The mother of another cadet agreed.

"The first time we saw him uniform ... it was overwhelming to see him," Jennifer Moose said of her son, cadet Aiden Moose. She also recently retired from the U.S. Air Force.

"Maybe one day he’ll be able to join the military," she added.

Until then, the cadets will keep marching on.

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Shidlovski/iStock(HOLIDAY, Fla.) -- Since 17-month-old Lennyn Lyons was first diagnosed with cerebral palsy six months ago, she’s undergone four brain surgeries. Her mother, Brianna, was unsure she would ever be able to walk.

On Friday, Lennyn took her first steps at her family’s home in Holiday, Florida.

Her ecstatic mom cheered on her little one as she filmed the joyous moment.

Even through Lennyn stumbled and fell in the short video, she picked herself up and continued on.

Lennyn was all smiles after her first steps.

4 brain surg’s later, we have a walking toddler who was diagnosed with #cerebralpalsy 6 mths ago. She wasn’t supposed to walk and if she did it would be with equipment. #BLESSED. #hydrocephalus #goals #motivation #cantstopwontstop @hydroassoc #FeelGoodFriday #FridayThoughts pic.twitter.com/Yapp5XnQxU

— Brianna (@BrutallyBrianna) February 14, 2020

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cerebral palsy is caused by abnormal brain development or damage to the developing brain that affects a person’s ability to control his or her muscles.

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Community Hospital East(INDIANAPOLIS) -- Charell Anthony and Cierra Anthony, sisters who both live in Indianapolis, plan to raise their newborn babies as "cousin twins."

The sisters gave birth to their healthy newborns on the same day, Feb. 12, at the same hospital, Community Hospital East in Indianapolis.

"They’re going to be really close," Charell Anthony told ABC News' Good Morning America of her son, Terry Valentino, and her sister's daughter, Dream Monique. "Being born on the same day, that’s going to be really special for them."

Charell Anthony, 26, gave birth to her son Terry at 12:40 a.m. on Feb. 12. He weighed 6 pounds, 2 ounces.

Her due date was Feb. 20 but she rushed to the hospital after her water broke while she was at the library.

Cierra Anthony, 28, came to visit her younger sister in the hospital and told her she was going to be induced that same day. She gave birth to her daughter Dream at 6:29 p.m. on Feb. 12.

Dream was a week late and weighed 7 pounds, 4.4 ounces, according to her mom.

The two sisters stayed in the hospital in rooms one room away from each other. They described a happy but chaotic and funny scene of their seven siblings plus their mom and dad and extended family members going back and forth between the two rooms meeting the newest members of the family.

"They were so excited," said Cierra Anthony, who shares a Jan 14. birthday with one of her younger sisters. "Nobody could believe it."

The overflow of visitors led to the newborns going without official names until three days after their births, both sisters said.

Cierra and Charell Anthony wanted to give their children names that both started with the letter "j," but their husbands disagreed. That led other family members to weigh in, according to Charell Anthony.

"It was complicated because everyone was going room to room discussing what names they wanted," she said. "For days, we couldn’t agree."

"Our last few hours [in the hospital], no one was there with us so we named the kids then," Charell Anthony added.

The newborn babies give the sisters a total of six children between them.

"We pretty much do raise all our kids as siblings," said Charell Anthony. "We’re really close."

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Rawpixel/iStock(NEW YORK) -- If you have a child born 2010 or later, you're parenting a Generation Alpha.

The jobs they'll have some day? Many don't currently exist. They will have more formal education than any generation before them.

The majority of their parents? Millennials.

The term "Generation Alpha" was coined by Mark McCrindle, a social researcher in Australia. While the traits and habits of Gen A are of great interest to advertisers, there's much about the latest generation their parents need to know.

"Generation Alpha began being born in 2010, the year the iPad was launched, Instagram was created and 'app' was the word of the year," Ashley Fell, the communications director for the research company McCrindle, told Good Morning America. "They are the first generation of children to be shaped in an era of portable digital devices, and, for many, their pacifiers have not been a rattle or a set of keys but a smartphone or tablet device."

Fell told GMA parenting a Generation Alpha really comes down to five areas: digital, social, global, mobile and visual.

Digital

Kids born after 2010, Fell said, are "part of an unintentional global experiment where screens are placed in front of them from the youngest age." As a result, they are less proficient in practical skills, assessing and approaching risk and setting and achieving goals.

"Helping Generation Alpha to develop specific skills such as STEM [Science, Technology, Engineering, Math], as well as social competencies, entrepreneurial skills, strength and coordination, financial literacy, innovation, resilience and resourcefulness will be key to enabling them to thrive in the future," Fell said.

Social

This group is, more than any other in history, extensively connected to and shaped by their peers. They are connected 24/7 across social, geographic and demographic boundaries.

"Our research shows that a quarter of students who have been bullied, have been bullied via social media, text messages or email," Fell said. "In response, the trend of well-being has been steadily increasing over the last few years, particularly in schools and in the workplace. In the last five years, almost half of parents have increased their expectations of their child's school to support well-being. More than one in four have significantly or somewhat increased their expectations."

Global

"Wherever they are in the world, Generation Alpha are influenced by the same movies, music, fashions and food," Fell told GMA. "In this wireless world their technology knows no boundaries and nor do their blogs, friendships and vocabulary."

As a result, it's crucial for parents to prepare Gen A for a global workforce. While digital skills and creativity are expected to be high, critical thinking skills are ranked low among this generation by their own parents.

"As the world of work changes, it is the character qualities as well as competencies that will future-proof Generation Alpha," Fell said.

Mobile

According to McCrindle's research, the average time people stay in a work role is just under three years. If the current trend continues, by the time Generation Alpha enters the workforce then they will have on average 18 different jobs over six distinct careers.

"Many of these future jobs don't currently exist, with the World Economic Forum predicting that 65% of those entering primary school today will end up working in entirely new job types," said Fell. "Many students today learn skills in robotics, coding, social media marketing, app development and big data analytics to prepare for these futuristic jobs."

Visual

Fell told GMA: "We have an emerging generation, many of whom are opting to watch a video summarizing an issue rather than read an article discussing it."

As a result, messages have increasingly become image-based. Signs, logos and brands communicate across the language barriers with color and picture rather than words and phrases.

"As such, a shift is occurring for Generation Alpha, with learning styles switching from structural and auditory to engaging, visual, multi-model and hands-on methods of educating this emerging generation," Fell said. "Because their parents will indulge them in more formal education and at an earlier age, Generation Alpha will have access to more information than any other generation gone before. Their formal education has never been equaled in the history of the world, with a predicted 1 in 2 Generation Alphas to obtain a university degree."

What to watch out for

Parents of Generation Alpha have some challenges. Fell said chief among them are watching out for screen addiction, cyber bullying and the management of child-friendly content.

"While parents have some unique challenges, it is encouraging to remember the Millennial parents of Generation Alpha have themselves been shaped in the digital world, so are better equipped to manage these complexities," she said.

Parents need to now, as always before, be leaders for their children.

"Parents need to give Generation Alphas confidence, as many young people face insecurities and mental health issues about an uncertain future that is constantly being painted for them," Fell said. "They should encourage Generation Alphas to invest in the future. By investing in training and education in both life skills and people skills, Generation Alphas can remain relevant and have the confidence to move forward."

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Steven Ferdman/Getty Images(NEW YORK) -- It was a memorable Valentine’s Day this year for Amy Schumer, who revealed the successful results of her first egg retrieval Friday in an Instagram post.

The 38-year-old actress and comedian shared a photo of herself smiling and wrote, “They retrieved 35 eggs from me. Not bad for the old gal right? Then 26 fertilized! Whoa right? For all those we got 1 normal embryo from that and 2 low level mosaic (mosaic means there are some abnormal cells but can still lead to a healthy baby) So we feel lucky we got 1!”

Schumer first opened up about her in-vitro fertilization journey in January, saying that she was undergoing the process to give her son, Gene, a sibling and sharing a photo of her stomach with bruise marks from injections.

Back then, the actress wrote that just a week into IVF, she was “feeling run down and emotional” and asked her followers to offer any advice to help her get through it. She even went so far as to share her phone number for people to share their own experiences with infertility.

Almost immediately, many women ended up sharing their stories and advice with Schumer, who posted another photo of herself in a doctor’s office thanking her followers for the tips she received like icing bruised areas, eating salty food and drinking Gatorade.

In her Instagram post on Friday, Schumer thanked her followers again and wrote, “I have so appreciated everyone sharing their IVF stories with me. They made me feel empowered and supported.”

Putting a spotlight on IVF, she also wrote, “So many women go through many rounds of IVF which is painful and mentally grueling. I heard from hundreds of women about their miscarriages and struggles and also many hopeful stories about how after rounds and rounds of IVF, it worked! It has been really encouraging.”

“I just wanted to share and send love and strength to all of the warrior women who go through this process,” she added.

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iStock(NEW YORK) -- Another coronavirus-related death was reported outside of China this weekend.

An unidentified man in his 60s was first admitted to a hospital on Feb. 3 after he developed a cough a week earlier, Taiwan's Ministry of Health and Welfare said in a statement. He died from the virus on Saturday, and his remains will be reserved for further medical testing, according to the statement.

This death is the fifth reported coronavirus fatality to take place outside mainland China. France reported a coronavirus fatality Sunday and the World Health Organization (WHO) said Japan, Hong Kong and the Philippines both recorded deaths. As of Sunday afternoon, China has 1,666 reported coronavirus fatalities and 68,584 cases, the WHO said Sunday afternoon.

Health officials and businesses around the globe continued to contain the virus and treat any patient who may have contracted the disease. The first group of the 400 U.S. passengers aboard the Diamond Princess cruise ship, which has been docked at the port of Yokohama in Japan for quarantine since Feb. 3, was allowed to leave the boat Sunday morning.

They were bused to the airport, tested for any symptoms and, if cleared, will be flown to Travis Air Force Base in California and Lackland Air Force Base in Texas. The U.S. will provide those passengers free, chartered flights back to America until March 4, and symptomatic passengers will remain in care in Japan, the embassy said.

The cruise passengers will be subject to a 14-day quarantine at the two airbases when they reach the U.S., according to the Pentagon.

"Any evacuees who test positive or become symptomatic will be transferred to a suitable off-base facility at the direction of CDC," LTC Chris Mitchell, a Department of Defense spokesman, said.

At least 355 people on-board the Diamond Princess tested positive for the virus, with 137 of those cases being newly reported Sunday afternoon, WHO said. The boat's owners, Princess Cruises, said it will cancel all trips until April 20 because of the quarantine period.

"We are preparing Diamond Princess to return to service April 29, 2020 for the start of Japan's annual Golden Week celebrations," the company said in a statement released Saturday night.

There are 15 reported cases in the U.S. as of Sunday afternoon, according to the WHO. Chicago officials announced Saturday night that two patients who contracted the virus were released from home isolation after eight days.

One of those two, an unidentified woman in her 60s, had visited Wuhan, China, the epicenter of the outbreak, and transmitted the disease to her husband, according to health officials. They both tested negative for the virus, following their treatment and isolation, according to Dr. Terry Mason, the chief operating officer for the Chicago Department of Public Health.

"They have been through a lot. We thank them, and everyone else involved, for their cooperation throughout the process," he said in a statement.

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iStock(NEW YORK) -- Migraines are the second leading cause of disability worldwide, with more than 30 million adults affected. They can be painful, incapacitating and can last up to 72 hours without medication and often require some trial and error before finding the best treatment to control the pain.

That’s why doctors and patients are excited when a new anti-migraine option is available. In this case, it's medicine called Reyvow.

Reyvow is a new prescription medication that was recently approved by the Drug Enforcement Administration and is now available at pharmacies. It’s believed to act both centrally and peripherally, (which means it acts on the brain as well as on all the other nerves throughout the body). And it’s the first medication that has been shown to provide pain freedom from headaches and freedom from associated symptoms like nausea and sensitivity to light and sound.

"Reyvow is a new alternative treatment for acute migraines in patients not responding to medicine who have disabling problems. Having a migraine is like waiting for a hurricane to come and trying to close the windows," Dr. Peter Goadsby, Neurologist and Headache specialist at the University of California San Francisco told ABC news.

The Food and Drug Administration and the DEA have approved Eli Lilly’s Reyvow (lasmiditan) as the first oral medication of its class to treat acute migraines and bothersome symptoms in adults with or without aura (visual or sensory sensations before a migraine).

"We know that the migraine community is keenly interested in additional treatment options, and we remain committed to continuing to work with stakeholders to promote the development of new therapies for the acute and preventive treatment of migraine," Dr. Nick Kozauer, acting deputy director of the Division of Neurology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, said in a statement following the FDA's approval.

A migraine is a neurological disease characterized by recurrent attacks of severe headache that can cause intense pain, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sensitivity to sound.

Although the American Headache Society currently recommends triptans (anti-migraine medicine) for immediate relief in certain patients, a survey of 183 patients from three headache centers showed that 79% of patients were willing to try another acute treatment.

Prior to Reyvow, triptans have been on the market since the early '90s and have accounted for almost 80% of migraine treatments prescribed at office visits. Reyvow is unique because it is a new, fast anti-migraine oral medication that eliminates pain and other symptoms within two hours of treatment, according to the FDA.

There is a need for Reyvow because migraines remain under-recognized and undertreated.

"Results from the OVERCOME study revealed that more than 40% of people who know at least one person with migraine felt that the disease is used as an excuse to avoid family, work, or school commitments, and almost 1 in 3 people believed those with migraine make things more difficult for their co-workers. These findings indicate ripple effects from the lack of understanding and respect for the disability faced by people with migraine," Dr. Eric Pearlman, senior medical director, Eli Lilly, told ABC news.

Another study of 5591 people with migraines found that approximately 40% of people had 1 or more unmet needs.

"Pain relief is not enough. Patients want to get back to their life. They want pain freedom from headaches and no associated symptoms," Pearlman said.

Reyvow is taken as a single dose (50mg, 100mg, or 200mg) with or without food at the onset of migraine. Studies, according to the company, showed that 28-39% of patients achieved fast and complete elimination of migraine pain at two hours compared to 15- 20% with placebo. Among individuals who took these doses, 41-49% of achieved freedom from their most bothersome symptoms.
Unlike triptans, patients who have heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, uncontrolled high blood pressure, or history of stroke can take Reyvow as long as their heart rate and blood pressure are monitored because the drug targets nerves rather than blood vessels. Reyvow activates the (5-HT) 1F receptors that increase serotonin (neurotransmitters) and inhibiting pain pathways although the exact mechanism is unknown.

Side effects of Reyvow include dizziness, sedation, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness and serotonin syndrome. Given the side effects, it is not recommended that individuals on this medicine drive or operate heavy machinery within eight hours of taking the medicine. Also caution is warranted when taken in combination with alcohol or other central nervous system depressants.

While Reyvow is the first of a new class, it contains lasmiditan, which is a controlled substance, and at low doses, can create feelings of relaxation, euphoria and possibly hallucinations. However, Eli Lilly’s Reyvow received a scheduled V drug rating. Scheduling of drugs refers to the abuse and or dependence potential and accessibility of medications from health care providers. Lower scheduled drugs (I and II) have higher abuse and / or dependence potential and do not allow for prescription refills due to tighter regulations.

Reyvow is approximately $640 for a package of 8 tablets. It is expected to be covered by insurance companies and out-of-pocket cost can vary depending on the insurance type. It is important to note that Reyvow.com has a co-pay assistance program on its website.

If you suffer from migraines, it is important to establish a good relationship with your healthcare provider to discuss the effectiveness of your migraine treatment. Talk to your healthcare provider for more information and to see if Reyvow is right for you.

"Have a next best step and a plan B," Goadsby recommends.

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iStock(STEAMBOAT SPRINGS, Colo.) -- Alden Globe said it felt like a drive-by shooting.

He didn't know much about fentanyl, about overdoses linked to the synthetic opiate. He'd never needed to.

"Why would I learn about this?" he said, thinking back. "It's never going to be something that we would be involved in."

Then a $5 pill laced with the opiate killed his 21-year-old daughter, Madeline. She thought she was buying a Xanax.

Now Globe and his wife, Susan, of Steamboat Springs, Colorado, are working on getting others to understand how dangerous fentanyl can be.

"A $5 pill ended her life in a couple hours. It was like a drive-by shooting almost. It was that shocking to us," Alden Globe said in a telephone interview with ABC News on Thursday. "That suddenness, the lack of understanding about what a dangerous decision that was" is what the Globes hope to shed a light on for others, he said.

Deaths involving synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl, increased from around 3,000 in 2003 to more than 30,000 in 2018, according to research published in RAND in 2019.

"In fact, synthetic opioids like fentanyl are now involved in twice as many deaths as heroin," according to the report.

Others studying fentanyl have reached similar conclusions.

Journalist Ben Westhoff, who published the book "Fentanyl, Inc.: How Rogue Chemists Are Creating the Deadliest Wave of the Opioid Epidemic" in 2019, claimed that the opiate now kills more Americans annually than any drug in history.

The reason for that is the drug's immense potency, said Dr. Brian Fuehrlein, an associate professor of psychiatry at the Yale School of Medicine. Fentanyl is 50 to 100 times more potent than morphine.

"People don't really appreciate how powerful it is," Fuehrlein told ABC News in a telephone interview Wednesday. "Just a very small amount is all you need for a lethal dose."

He noted that while other opiates dosages are measured in milligrams, fentanyl is dosed in micrograms. And because of how cheap it is, it's often manufactured to look like other high-demand drugs.

"Dealers are now selling pills that are designed to look like the other things, like Xanax or Valium," Fuehrlein said. "The person who's buying the drugs think they know what they're buying, but it's actually fentanyl. Dealers are making a huge profit."

Madeline Globe was not a fentanyl user. If anything, her parents said, the senior at the University of Colorado Boulder always was the one taking care of her friends.

"She used to complain to me that she was tired of being the responsible one, helping her classmates," her dad said.

Susan Globe said that although she'd spoken to her daughter about over-indulging or other drugs, such as cocaine, she had no idea her daughter took Xanax, nor did she understand how fentanyl was making its way into other drugs.

"This is why we're sharing Maddy's story, because the school didn't understand that back in 2017. It was such a new phenomenon that the authorities, the attorneys, the doctors, no one had an understanding of what was beginning to happen," Alden Globe said.

Dean Cunningham, a public safety information officer at the Boulder Police Department, told ABC News that Madeline Globe purchased the pill from someone on the street, and that her friends similarly purchased pills, but theirs didn't contain fentanyl.

"You can order some of these drugs -- fake, real or not -- and you just don't know what you're getting," he said.

It's this danger Alden and Susan Globe said they hope to make others aware of.

Both parents think the conversation has improved since their daughter's death, with more people discussing potential dangers, but they still worry whether it's enough.

"There's a lot of information out there, but I think people don't want to know about it. It's an ugly subject," Alden Globe said.

In the two years since Madeline Globe's death, they have been able to speak out more as time goes on. Susan Globe also has started a garden in her daughter's honor at the Yampa River Botanic Park. She named it "Maddy's Garden of Light."

"I chose that because she is our light," she said. "She still remains our light."

The pain, though, remains.

"Every day, we think about this. Our home is empty," Alden Globe said. "We used to have a lot of high school- and college-aged girls here with Maddy, and now it's very quiet. Nobody is coming over to hang out because she's gone."

Copyright © 2020, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.

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Courtesy Summer Mossbarger(DALLAS) -- A Texas father had another chance to hear his son’s heartbeat -- nearly two years after he died.

In a touching video, Jordan Spahn listens via a stethoscope to Kristi Richard Russ’ chest. Russ was a recipient of Spahn’s late son’s heart.

"So strong, so strong," Spahn says in the video.

"That it is," Russ tells him. "When it’s quiet at night we can hear it without the stethoscope."

Matthew Spahn, Jordan’s son, was 21 years old when he was struck by a vehicle walking home and later died in October 2018, Summer Mossbarger, Jordan Spahn’s fiancee told ABC News. Matthew was an award-winning runner.

"Yeah, he’s probably out there running laps," Spahn says in the video as he listens to his son’s heart beating in Russ’ chest.

Since Matthew’s untimely death, he has donated seven organs, saving the lives of up to five people -- including Russ.

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Official White House Photo by Andrea Hanks(BETHESDA, Md.) -- It's Valentines Day, and first lady Melania Trump spent her morning with a group of ill children at the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, Md.

The Children’s Inn is a non-profit that creates a free "home away from home" for children with critical health conditions.

Several of the children have rare genetic diseases including sickle cell anemia, giant axonal neuropathy and various other immunodeficiency diseases, according to the hospital spokeswoman.

Families stay at the NIH inn to participate in clinical research -- diving into the behavior and nature of living systems -- to try to reduce the burdens of illnesses and disabilities on children.

It is now the third year Trump has visited the inn on Feb. 14.

Trump wore red as she met with the children -- including some on bed rest -- and helped to craft special valentines.

One child that was hooked up to oxygen tanks and several IVs, raised a small thin arm to wave at the first lady.

She was greeted by Jennie Lucca, the inn’s CEO, director and vice chair, and approximately 15 patients -- almost all under the age of 10.

The first lady spent her time seated at the tables adorned with pink and red -- helping to decorate the cut-out sugar cookies with icing, as the children showed her their heart decorations made of paper maché.

She told the kids, "Stay strong, we will think of you and pray for you, you will be in my thoughts."

Just before leaving, Trump handed out her own red Valentine’s Day cards to all the children and addressed the staff.

"I’m so glad to be seeing the children feeling well ... thank you for all that you do and keeping strong," she told the staff and families. "This is a great place and have a great team to take care of them."

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